在Lua程序中动态加载代码非常慢

Lua中可以用loadloadloadstring动态加载代码并执行。应当尽量避免这种用法,动态加载代码需要被立即编译,编译开销很大。

load_dynamic.lua:

local lim = 10000000
local a = {}
for i = 1, lim do
    a[i] = loadstring(string.format("return %d", i))
end
print(a[10]())  --> 10

load_static.lua:

function fk (k)
    return function () return k end
end

local lim = 10000000
local a = {}
for i = 1, lim do
    a[i] = fk(i)
end

print(a[10]())  --> 10

上面两段代码的性能完全不同,后者耗时只有前者的十分之一:

➜  03-performance git:(master) ✗ time lua-5.1 ./load_dynamic.lua
10
lua-5.1 ./load_dynamic.lua  47.99s user 3.81s system 99% cpu 52.069 total

➜  03-performance git:(master) ✗ time lua-5.1 ./load_static.lua
10
lua-5.1 ./load_static.lua  4.66s user 0.62s system 99% cpu 5.308 total

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